WebSeaL
- Web Searching, Information Literacy and Learning

Web Searching, Information Literacy and Learning (Web-SeaL) is a research project funded by the Academy of Finland for the years 2006-2009. The project is coordinated by the University of Tampere’s Department of Information Studies and the research is conducted in the following sites: University of Tampere/Department of Information Studies, University of Tampere/Department of Education, and University of Lapland/Faculty of Education, Centre for Media Pedagogy.

The project aims to study the relations between Web searching, information literacy and learning and to clarify the interplay of information literacy and learning in the Web-dominated information environment. The long-term aim of the project is to intensify the flowering of information literacy as a part of basic education. This is seen as a necessary step to improve the readiness of learners to meet the challenges of vocational and academic education. The work is founded on cooperation between researchers in information studies and educational sciences to puzzle out the multidisciplinary research problem.

More information: 

Project presentation (in Finnish)
Brochure (pdf)
Project’s blog

Towards Meaningful Learning of Information Literacy through a PBL Course on Educational Digital Video Production

Researcher: Päivi Hakkarainen

The Centre for Media Pedagogy at the Faculty of Education participated in the Web-SeaL project by exploring the following research questions of the project: (a) How problem-based learning integrates information literacy to the learning process?, and (b) How specific pedagogical solutions (e.g. learning to produce digital videos as a problem-based learning cycle) support meaningful learning of information literacy?

The research was part of a a multi-phase design-based research process of designing, implementing, and refining a problem-based learning (PBL) course ("Digital Video: Supporting Meaningful Learning through Producing and Using Digital Videos") on educational digital video (DV) production for the Faculty of Education’s Media Education curriculum. A special feature of the course is that students will produce educational DVs for the teachers of the Faculty of Education to be used as their course material. Therefore, the research also implemented and tested a new model of educational DV production for the faculty.

During the Web-SeaL project the " Digital Video: Supporting Meaningful Learning through Producing and Using Digital Videos” course was piloted on the fall of 2006. Students learned how to produce educational DV clips. As part of their studying they produced in pairs DV clips as a commissioned work to the Faculty teachers. Students were responsible for the whole production process, which was supported by three  PBL cycles. Students’ independent knowledge acquisition was situated between the tutorials, and during it students searched information from various sources such as the Web and workshops.

The research explored  how the realization of the PBL cycles contributed to students’ information literacy, which can be defined as an essential skill supporting knowledge acquisition in learning. Enhanced information literacy is also one of the expected outcomes of the learning process. The DV production process is a challenging task for the students from the knowledge acquisition point of view, since most of the students have no prior experience of educational DV production. In addition, the process requires developing knowledge and skills in multiple domains besides media pedagogy such as dramaturgy, video expression, video production, copyright laws and regulations, and journalism. The process relies heavily on students’ independent knowledge acquisition, which is situated between the PBL tutorials.

The research focused on the following questions:

  1. From the student perspective, how do the designing and producing of DVs as a commissioned work support meaningful learning?
  2. What implications do the students’ experiences have for the PBL course design?
  3. How does the designed PBL -based Digital video course support the meaningful learning process and outcomes, especially information literacy?
  4. What implications do the results have for the refinement of the PBL course? 

Publications of the University of Lapland:

Hakkarainen, P. (2008). PBL informaatiolukutaidon yhteisöllisenä tukena ja näkyväksi tekijänä. In E. Sormunen & E. Poikela (Eds.), Informaatio, informaatiolukutaito ja oppiminen [Information, information literacy and learning]. Tampere, Finland: Tampere University Press.

Hakkarainen, P. (2007). Promoting meaningful learning through the integrated use of digital videos. Doctoral dissertation, University of Lapland. Acta Universitatis Lappoensis 121. University of Lapland, Faculty of education, Finland.

Hakkarainen, P. (2007). Designing and implementing a PBL course on educational digital video production: Lessons learned from a design-based research. Educational Technology Research & Development, Online first article, published in Springer Link, DOI 10.1007/s11423-007-9039-4

Hakkarainen, P. (2006). PBL-tutoriaali informaatiolukutaidon yhteisöllisen rakentumisen paikkana [PBL tutorial as a site for collaborative construction of information literacy]. Kasvatustieteen tila ja tutkimuskäytännöt. Paradigmat katosivat, mitä jäljellä? Abstraktit (pp. 205-206]. Kasvatustieteen päivät 23.-24.11.2006 [Educational Science Days], Oulu. Oulu: Suomen Kasvatustieteellinen Seura ry. 

Hakkarainen, P. (2006). PBL-tutoriaali informaatiolukutaidon yhteisöllisen rakentumisen paikkana [PBL tutorial as a site for collaborative construction of information literacy]. Presentation given at Kasvatustieteen päivät 2006 [Educational Science Days 2006], November 24-25, 2006, Oulu, Finland.

Hakkarainen, P. (2006). Designing and producing digital videos as a problem-based learning cycle to support meaningful learning. In J. Multisilta & H. Haaparanta (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Human Centered Technology HCT06 (pp.4-13). June 11-13, 2006, Pori, Finland. Tampere University of Technology, Pori. Publication 6. (pdf)

Hakkarainen, P. (2006). Designing and producing digital videos as a problem-based learning cycle to support meaningful learning. Presentation given at the Workshop on Human Centered Technology HCT06, June 11-13, 2006, Pori, Finland.

Hakkarainen, P. (2006). Mielekkään oppimisen ja informaatiolukutaidon tukeminen PBL-avusteisella digitaalisten videoiden tuotannolla [Producing digital videos as a problem-based learning cycle to support meaningful learning and information literacy]. Presentation given at the Constructing Knowledge in Information Society - the sixth conference on problem-based learning in Finland, June 6-7, 2006, University of Tampere, Finland. (pdf)

Project’s contact persons at the University of Lapland:

Professor Esa Poikela
Tel + 358 (0)16 341 4250

Professor Heli Ruokamo
Tel + 358 (0)16 341 2410
Gsm +358 (0)40 587 9090