Pirkko Heikkinen is University Lecturer in Commercial Law at ULap/Faculty of Law. She defended her doctoral thesis in August 2018. Her thesis examined real estate transactions between private individuals with a focus on the seller’s obligation to disclose and ascertain pertinent facts, the buyer’s obligation to inspect the object of the transaction prior to the sale, and the requirement that contractual terms setting out limitations of liability do so in detail. Besides all issues related to real estate sales, she is currently interested in impartiality norm of real estate agents and circular economy.