Towards just dance research – An uMunthu participatory, performative inquiry into Malawian–Norwegian entanglements
Sunniva Hovde, Asante Smzy Maulidi and Tone Pernille Østern
Abstract: In this methodologically-oriented chapter, the three co-researchers, who are part of the Malawian–Norwegian entanglements, ask themselves this question: How can we approach a Malawian–Norwegian dance education research project methodologically in a just, attentive and decolonising way? The project itself focuses on exploring the ways in which young traditional dancers in Malawi are becoming local–global Malawians in-between traditional dance and a modern Malawian identity. It is an ongoing study taking place in the context of young dancers from the cultural school Music Crossroads Malawi in Lilongwe who are trained in the dance troupe Hear Us Children, a Malawian–Norwegian music researcher, and a dance researcher from a Norwegian university. We have turned to Malawian philosophy, decolonial theory and performative inquiry, and conclude that using an uMunthu participatory approach in our research has been crucial as it has enabled us to take small steps towards more just dance research – consciously seeking to be attentive towards inequities and power imbalances. First, we introduce the research context of the project, research focus of this chapter, and collaborative and decolonial approaches used in the project. Then, we present the theoretical and methodological perspectives we are dialoguing with: Malawian philosophy, decolonial theory and performative inquiry with an introduction to Lynn Fels’ ‘stop moments’ as analytical tools.